Phonics and Reading Information
In Reception children are taught phonics daily for 20 minutes. We currently use Jolly Phonics, which uses a kinaesthetic approach. The school subscribes to Phonics Play and parents are given home access. Each session consists of: recapping sounds that children have already learnt; introducing a new sound; learning the action and song; writing the grapheme.
Phonics is taught as a whole class session. Interventions are planned for those children who require further support with securing their phonic knowledge at any stage.
Phase 2: Letters and their sounds are introduced one at a time.
- Set 1: s, a, t
- Set 2: p, i, n
- Set 3: m, d, g
- Set 4: o, c, k, ck
- Set 5: e, u, r
- Set 6: h, b, f
- Set 7: ff, l, ll, ss
- Tricky Words: the, to, I, go, no
Phase 3: By the time they reach Phase 3, children will already be able to blend and segment words containing the 19 letters taught in Phase 2.
Over the course of teaching Phase 3, twenty-five new graphemes are introduced (one at a time).
- Set 8: j, v, w, x
- Set 9: x, y, z
- Set 10: zz, qu
- Consonant digraphs: ch, sh, th, ng
- Vowel digraphs: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er
- Tricky words: he, she, we, me, be, was, you, they, all, are, my, her
By the end of the year all children should have completed phase 2 and 3 and be ready to start phase 4.
Phonics is taught daily in Year 1 for 20 minutes. Sessions within class are differentiated to ensure pupils are reaching their full potential.
Phase 4 - No new sounds. The aim of this phase is to combine the children’s knowledge of previous sounds learnt and help them to read and write CVCC (lamp, desk, sink) and CCVC (frog, crab, swim) words.
Tricky Words: said, have, like, so, do, some, come, were, there, little, one, when, out, what
Phase 5: In Phase Five, children will learn more graphemes and phonemes. For example, they already know ee as in keep, but now they will be introduced to ea as in eat and e-e as in theme.
- Set 1: ay, ou, ie, ea
- Set 2: oy, ir, ue, aw
- Set 3: wh, ph, ew, oe, au, ay
- Set 4: a_e, e_e, i_e, o_e, u_e
- Split digraphs: a-e (cake) e-e (theme) i-e (life) o-e (home) u-e (rule)
- Set 1: Alternative pronunciations: i, o, c, g, u
- Set 2: Alternative pronunciations: ow, ie, ea, er
- Set 3: Alternative pronunciations: a, y, ch, ou
- Tricky Words: oh, their, people, Mr, Mrs, looked, called, asked, could
By end of year all children should have completed phase 4 and 5 and be ready to move on to phase 6.
Children who have passed the phonics screening check in Year 1 will move on to phase 6: this focuses on teaching spelling patterns and high frequency words. If children require further phonics teaching, this is taught in small groups.
By the end of the year all children should have completed Phase 6 and will continue working on spelling patterns as they progress through school.
Reading skills are embedded throughout the curriculum alongside the teaching of decoding. In Early Years and year 1 children read books linked to the phonics sound that they are learning in small groups or individually. During reading sessions children are given time to practise their decoding skills and show their understanding of what has been read through their oral responses to questions.
When children can successfully decode, they will begin to record their responses independently following input from the teacher in a guided group.
As they move through school children will move to whole class reading to further develop their reading skills. For whole class reading, children complete work based on the class novel, with linked texts to increase the variety of writing that children are exposed to.
Please note: We are currently in the process of updating our reading lists. Please see our KS2 list for more able readers.